Documentation

A new website dedicated to the Virunga volcanoes is in preparation. This website will provide descriptions of Nyiragongo, Nyamulagira and other Virunga volcanoes, but will also provide freely available documentation and data.

In the meantime, I already propose here some conference abstracts, with the required citations to use them in your own work, as well as freely available data from other websites.

Please, don’t forget to cite your references in you work! Otherwise, readers will not be able to trace the sources of the information you provide.

Abstracts of the AVCoR 2013 Conference

The entire book of abstracts is available here.

The conference website is http://avcor2013.africamuseum.be/en/home.

Here below is the list of my (co-authored) contributions to this successful conference:

  • Smets B., d’Oreye N., Kervyn F. The Nyiragongo hazard : is the literature misleading? Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Smets B., d’Oreye N., Kervyn F., Kervyn M., Ross K.A. Are magmatism and volcanism responsible for the structures and morphology of the Kivu rift basin? Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Smets B., Kasereka M., Kies A., Tedesco D., Yalire M. The « mazuku hazard » in the Goma region, D.R. Congo. Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Smets B., d’Oreye N., Kervyn F. Development of a stereographic time-lapse camera system to study and monitor the lava lake activity at Nyiragongo volcano (North-Kivu, D.R. Congo). Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Albino F., Kervyn F., Smets B., d’Oreye N. How used TanDEM-X Radar Interferometry to detect magma transport and quantify eruptive volumes : the example of 2011 Nyamulagira eruption (D.R. Congo). Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • d’Oreye N., Smets B. The importance of multidisciplinary volcano monitoring : insights from the Nyamulagira 2010 eruption (D.R. Congo). KEYNOTE Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • d’Oreye N., González P.J., Kervyn F., Lukaya F., Oth A., Shuler A., Smets B. What are the hazards associated to a seismic sequence in the Kivu Rift Basin? The 2008 Bukavu/Cyangugu earthquake example. Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • De Gelder G., Oth A., d’Oreye N., Smets B., Mavonga G., Mashagiro N., Kervyn F., the GVO team. Volcanic tremors and transients: 7 days of seismic recordings at Nyiragongo volcano summit (Democratic Republic of Congo). Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Delvaux D., Smets B. Neotectonic setting of the Kivu rift segment within its intraplate Central African context. KEYNOTE Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Kasereka M., Smets B., Kies A., Yalire M., Balagizi C. L’enregistrement continu du CO2 et du radon dans un mazuku. Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Kervyn F., GORISK, GeoRisCA, Vi-X, RGL-GEORISK teams. Science for society in Central Africa: the geohazards contribution. KEYNOTE Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Kervyn M., Feltz A., Smets B., Moussoux S., Poppe S. Calibration of a GIS-based combined thermo-rheological and probabilistic lava flow model for Nyamulagira volcano. Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Kies A., Hengesch O., Smets B., Tosheva Z., Pfanz H., Yalire M. CO2 dynamics in mofettes. Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Poppe S., Rukeza M., Fikiri A., Smets B., Kervyn M. Hazard implications of phreatomagmatism along the urbanised Lake Kivu northern shoreline, D.R. Congo. Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Poppe S., Smets B., Albino F., d’Oreye N., Kervyn F., Kervyn M. The Virunga Volcano Province: A new volcano-structural map based on morphological analysis of a high resolution Digital Elevation Model. Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013
  • Stamps D.S., Koehn D., d’Oreye N., Ji K.H., Burke K., Saria E., Rui X., Smets B., Albino F. Evidence of rift-parallel deformation along the western branch and Main Ethiopian Rift? Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting with special focus on the Kivu rift zone (AVCoR 2013), Gisenyi, Rwanda, November 12-14 2013

Near real-time monitoring data

SO2 monitoring

NASA and NOAA made available near real-time data based on OMI and OMPS imagery. These data are available through the following links:

The Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy also provide such kind of tool, through their « Support to Aviation Control Service » (SACS)

Here is the link!

Radiated energy

The University of Hawaii developed a near real-time thermal monitoring of global hot-spots, based on MODIS imagery and the MODVOLC algorithm (Wright et al. 2004). Here is the following procedure to observe hotspots over Nyiragongo and Nyamulagira:

  1. Go to http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/cgi-bin/modisnew.cgi
  2. Zoom in (.5 x .5 frame)
  3. Locate the area with the following coordinates: Longitude = 29.2°  /  Latitude = -1.5°
  4. Summarize hotspots by week or larger time frame

Freely available remote sensing data

Landsat imagery (frame 173/61): http://glovis.usgs.gov/

ASTER imagery (search by volcano name): http://ava.jpl.nasa.gov/index.php

SRTM-1 and SRTM-3 Digital Elevation Models: http://gdex.cr.usgs.gov/gdex/

Publicités